Monachus schauinslandi.jpg
Hawaiian monk seal, Neomonachus schauinslandi
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Clade: Pinnipedia
Family: Phocidae
Tribe: Monachini
Genus: Neomonachus
Slater & Helgen, 2014

Neomonachus is a genus of earless seals, within the family Phocidae. It contains two species: the endangered Hawaiian monk seal, and the extinct Caribbean monk seal. Prior to 2014, all three species of monk seals were placed in the genus Monachus, but that was found to be paraphyletic.[1]


Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Endangered Hawaiian monk seal sunning on the beach (6741931081).jpg N. schauinslandi Hawaiian monk seal Hawaiian Islands and United States Minor Outlying Islands, United States
Cms-newyorkzoologicalsociety1910.jpg N. tropicalis Caribbean monk seal Once ranged throughout the Caribbean Sea (in Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico) and the Southeastern United States; extinct


  1. ^ Scheel, D.-M.; Slater, G. J.; Kolokotronis, S.-O.; Potter, C. W.; Rotstein, D. S.; Tsangaras, K.; Greenwood, A. D.; Helgen, K. M. (May 2014). "Biogeography and taxonomy of extinct and endangered monk seals illuminated by ancient DNA and skull morphology". ZooKeys (409): 1–33. doi:10.3897/zookeys.409.6244.