Joel Carver Whitburn
November 29, 1939
Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Died||June 14, 2022 (aged 82)|
|Occupation||Author, music historian|
|Known for||Researching record chart history|
Joel Carver Whitburn was born in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin on November 29, 1939. He started collecting records in his teens, first subscribed to Billboard in 1953, and when the Hot 100 was introduced in 1958 started recording the chart placings of records on index cards. After graduating from Menomonee Falls High School in 1957, he attended Elmhurst College and the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, but did not receive a degree from either institution.
Whitburn worked on record distribution for RCA in the mid 1960s, using his chart statistics to inform radio stations, before founding his own company, Record Research, Inc., in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, in 1970. He put together a team of researchers to examine in detail all of Billboard's music and video charts, and set up a licensing arrangement with Billboard.
Since then, Record Research has published reference books based on data from the various popular music charts and to date has published over 200 books, 50 of which are in the Record Research catalog. His research extends from 1890 to the present and covers many genres. Featuring each recording's peak position, date charted, weeks charted, label and information, and trivia on recordings and artists, Whitburn's books are used extensively by the entertainment industry (especially radio DJs) and music fans worldwide.
His flagship publication was Top Pop Singles, which covers the history of Billboard's popular singles charts, primarily the Billboard Hot 100. The most recent edition, Top Pop Singles 1955–2018, was released in June 2019. Whitburn was also the author of the series Top 40 Hits, published by Billboard Books. The ninth edition, covering the years 1955 to 2009, was published in 2012.
Whitburn was an avid collector of phonograph records, with extensive collections in his underground vaults. His collection includes a copy of nearly every 78-rpm record, 45-rpm single, LP, and compact disc to reach the Billboard charts. In 2013, his collection was estimated to contain over 200,000 singles.
- Sandomir, Richard (June 17, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Tireless Researcher of Music Charts, Dies at 82". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
- "Joel (Carver) Whitburn". Contemporary Authors. Detroit: Gale. 2002. Gale H1000105451 (subscription required)
- "Joel Carver Whitburn". jsonline.com. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. June 17, 2022. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
- Unterberger, Andrew (June 14, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Legendary Chart Historian and Reference Book Author, Dies at 82". Billboard. Retrieved June 15, 2022.
- Horowitz, Rick (March 26, 1995). "THE MUSIC MAN HIS CHARTING WAYS HAVE MADE JOEL WHITBURN AMERICA'S FOREMOST POP MUSIC AUTHORITY". The Buffalo News. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
- Horowitz, Rick (June 30, 1995). "LISTMANIA: JOEL WHITBURN IS ON TOP OF THE CHARTS". Deseret News. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
- Greenberg, Steve (June 15, 2022). "Joel Whitburn: An Appreciation of the Ultimate Chart Historian". Billboard. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
- Willman, Chris (June 14, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Pop Chart Expert Who Published Hundreds of Books, Dies at 82". Variety. Retrieved June 18, 2022.
- "Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955–2018". Recordresearch. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
- "Billboard Books' Newest Stars". Billboard. June 1, 1996. p. 106. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- Whitburn, Joel (July 18, 2012). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 9th Edition: Complete Chart Information about America's Most Popular Songs and Artists, 1955-2009. Clarkson Potter/Ten Speed. ISBN 978-0-307-98512-5. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
- Tamarkin, Jeff (June 14, 2022). "Joel Whitburn, Who Turned Passion for Records Into Chart Research, Dies at 82". Best Classic Bands. Retrieved June 19, 2022.
- Kennedy, Mark (June 18, 2022). "Pioneering pop music chart analyst Joel Whitburn dies at 82". AP NEWS. Retrieved June 19, 2022.