Dermacentor

Dermacentor
Temporal range: Neogene–present
Dermacentor occidentalis -Harmony Headlands State Park, California, USA-8.jpg
Dermacentor occidentalis
Scientific classification
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Dermacentor

C.L.Koch, 1844 [1]
Type species
Dermacentor reticulatus
(Fabricius, 1794)
Synonyms
  • Amblyocentor Schulze, 1932
  • Anocentor Schulze, 1937

Dermacentor is a genus of ticks in the family Ixodidae, the hard ticks. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, with native species on all continents except Australia. Most occur in the Nearctic realm.[2]

Hosts of Dermacentor ticks include many large and small mammals, including horses, deer, cattle, lagomorphs, peccaries, porcupines, tapirs, desert bighorn sheep, and humans.[2] The American dog tick (D. variabilis) is a member of the genus.[3]

Dermacentor species are vectors of many pathogens, including Rickettsia rickettsii, which causes the disease Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Coxiella burnetii, which causes Q fever, Anaplasma marginale, which causes anaplasmosis in cattle, Francisella tularensis, which causes tularemia, Babesia caballi, which causes equine piroplasmosis, and the Flavivirus that causes Powassan encephalitis.[2] Dermacentor ticks inject a neurotoxin that causes tick paralysis.[2]

Species[edit]

As of 2019, about 41 species are placed in the genus:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don R. Arthur (1960). "The genus Dermacentor: 1. General". The genera Dermacentor, Anocentor, Cosmiomma, Boophilus, Margaropus. Ticks. 5. Cambridge University Press. pp. 6–37.
  2. ^ a b c d C. E. Yunker; J. E. Keirans; C. M. Clifford; E. R. Easton (1986). "Dermacentor ticks (Acari: Ixodoidea: Ixodidae) of the New World: a scanning electron microscope atlas" (PDF). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 88 (4): 609–627. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-09-04.
  3. ^ W. Chen; P. E. Kaufman (2008). "American Dog Tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (Arachnida: Ixodida: Ixodidae)". Entomology and Nematology. Florida Cooperative Extension Service. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. EENY-443. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  4. ^ Apanaskevich, Dmitry A.; Apanaskevich, Maria A. (September 2015). "Description of a New Dermacentor (Acari: Ixodidae) Species from Thailand and Vietnam". Journal of Medical Entomology. 52 (5): 806–812. doi:10.1093/jme/tjv067. PMC 4668757. PMID 26336207.
  5. ^ Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Stephen C Barker, Dermacentor kamshadalus (Acari: Ixodidae), a Tick of Mountain Goats and Sheep in Western United States, Canada, and Russia, Is a Valid Species, Journal of Medical Entomology, tjaa190, https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa190.
  6. ^ Apanaskevich, Dmitry A.; Chaloemthanetphong, Aummarin; Vongphayloth, Khamsing; Ahantarig, Arunee; Apanaskevich, Maria A.; Brey, Paul T.; Hertz, Jeffrey C.; Lakeomany, Khaithong; Sutherland, Ian W.; Trinachartvanit, Wachareeporn (20 May 2019). "Description of a new species of Dermacentor Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) from Laos and Thailand". Systematic Parasitology. 96 (6): 475–484. doi:10.1007/s11230-019-09861-z. PMID 31111306. S2CID 160013314.
  7. ^ Apanaskevich, M. A.; Apanaskevich, D. A. (25 February 2015). "Description of New Dermacentor (Acari: Ixodidae) Species from Malaysia and Vietnam". Journal of Medical Entomology. 52 (2): 156–162. doi:10.1093/jme/tjv001. PMC 4481718. PMID 26336300.
  8. ^ Dmitry A. Apanaskevich; Sergio E. Bermúdez (2013). "Description of a new Dermacentor (Acari: Ixodidae) species, a parasite of wild mammals in Central America". Journal of Medical Entomology. 50 (6): 1190–1201. doi:10.1603/ME13121. PMID 24843922.
  9. ^ Dmitry Apanaskevich, Khamsing Vongphayloth, Pattraporn Jeangkhwoa, Aummarin Chaloemthanetphong, Arunee Ahantarig, Maria Apanaskevich, Paul T. Brey, Khaithong Lakeomany, Wachareeporn Trinachartvanit. 2020. Description of a new species of Dermacentor Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) from the mountains of Laos and Thailand. Systematic Parasitology, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-020-09916-6. Last accessed 11 Jun 2020.
  10. ^ a b Dmitry A. Apanaskevich and Maria A. Apanaskevich. 2016. Description of Two New Species of Dermacentor Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) From Oriental Asia. Systematic Parasitology 2016 Feb;93(2):159-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-015-9614-8. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

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