Clela Rorex

Clela Rorex
Born(1943-07-23)July 23, 1943
DiedJune 19, 2022(2022-06-19) (aged 78)
EducationUniversity of Colorado
University of Denver
Known forIssuing the first same-sex marriage license to a gay couple in the United States
Political partyDemocratic
Children3
Boulder County Clerk
In office
1975–1977
Preceded byHenry Putnam

Clela Ann Rorex (July 23, 1943 – June 19, 2022) was an American county clerk who issued the first same-sex marriage license in the United States.[1] Serving as the Boulder County Clerk, Rorex issued a marriage license to a gay couple in 1975 after receiving approval from the District Attorney.[1]

Early life[edit]

Clela Rorex was born in Denver on July 23, 1943, and raised in Steamboat Springs, Colorado.[2] She was adopted at an early age by Ruby and Cecil Rorex who was the county clerk for Routt County, Colorado, for 30 years.[2][3]

Education and early career[edit]

Rorex attended the University of Colorado on a Methodist scholarship and earned a bachelor's degree.[3][2] She later earned a second degree in legal administration from the University of Denver.[2] She then married a naval officer and spent three years with him while he was stationed at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, before returning to Boulder.[3]

After working a few summers in her father's office, Rorex decided to run for county clerk of Boulder County, Colorado, when the incumbent, Henry Putnam, announced his retirement. She decided to run after attending a meeting in which members of the Democratic Party stated that they "needed a man" to run against the female Republican candidate.[3] Rorex shared her frustrations over hearing this with women in a feminist group she was a member of, and decided that she would run for clerk. She was elected and took office in 1975 at age 31. Henry Putnam would not vacate the office and was removed by the sheriff's office.[3]

Same-sex marriage licenses[edit]

Rorex had been clerk for three months when two men, Dave McCord and Dave Zamora,[3][4] came to the clerk's office to apply for a marriage license.[5] They had originally applied in Colorado Springs, where they were told to go to Boulder; El Paso County did not do "that type of thing."[3][6]

After Rorex inquired into the legality of issuing the license, District Attorney Alex Hunter and first assistant DA Bill Wise[7] wrote an opinion stating that Colorado law did not specify whether marriage must be between a man and a woman.[3][6][8] Rorex was told it was within her legal right to decide if she wanted to issue the license or not.[3] Rorex issued the license on March 26, 1975.[9] She issued five more same-sex marriage licenses in Boulder[8] before the Colorado Attorney General ordered her to stop.[3] She received hate mail and angry phone calls.[1]

The Boulder County Courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places in part because of the marriage licenses Rorex issued.[10][11] In June 2018, Boulder replaced an image of Roswell "Ross" Howard and his horse, Dolly, with a photo of Rorex.[12] After Rorex issued same-sex marriage licenses, Howard showed up at the courthouse with Dolly and asked for a license to marry his horse.[12] Rorex said she declined his request on the basis that his eight-year-old horse was underage, and could not marry without written consent from her parents.[12][6][4]

Backlash[edit]

Rorex resigned from office about two and a half years into her term. She married and moved to California.[3] Rorex never held elected office again.[9][3]

Later career[edit]

Rorex returned to Colorado after her marriage and obtained a degree in legal administration from the University of Denver.[2] She worked as a legal administrator for the Native American Rights Fund in Boulder[6] for 18 years. After retiring around 2011, she spoke at public schools on panels composed of people of different gender identities. She considered herself an "ally for gay rights and marriage equality".[3]

Personal life and death[edit]

Rorex was married and divorced three times, and had three children.[2] She died on June 19, 2022, at the age of 78 at a hospice care facility in Longmont, Colorado, from complications of an infection following surgery.[2][13][14]

See also[edit]

  • Hillary Hall—21st century Boulder County clerk known for issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Colo. Clerk Recalls Issuing Same-Sex-Marriage Licenses — In 1975". NPR.org. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Genzlinger, Neil (June 20, 2022). "Clela Rorex, Clerk Who Broke a Gay-Marriage Barrier, Dies at 78". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 21, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Harris, Kyle (August 13, 2014). "Clela Rorex Planted the Flag for Same-Sex Marriage in Boulder Forty Years Ago". Westword. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Barnes, Robert (April 18, 2015). "40 years later, story of a same-sex marriage in Colo. remains remarkable". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  5. ^ "How One Woman Married Gay Couples Forty Years Ago". Esquire. June 24, 2016. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Herel, Suzanne (February 14, 2004). "San Francisco not the first to marry couples of the same gender". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  7. ^ Brennan, Charlie (April 19, 2013). "Boulder civil union event adds layer of living history, with former clerk Rorex to attend". The Boulder Daily Camera. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Meet the Clerk Who Started the Same-Sex Marriage Revolution | The Takeaway | WNYC Studios". wnycstudios. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Boulder's LGBT history: from 'the Hate State' to the Supreme Court". GetBoulder.com. September 1, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  10. ^ Brennan, Charlie (April 20, 2018). "Boulder courthouse up for historic designation for Clela Rorex's same-sex marriage licenses in 1975". Daily Camera. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  11. ^ Brennan, Charlie (July 31, 2018). "Boulder County Courthouse gets federal nod for role in state's LGBTQ history". Daily Camera. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Brennan, Charlie (June 19, 2018). "Man and horse ride into sunset as Boulder County updates photo collage". Daily Camera. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  13. ^ McDonald, Sydney (June 20, 2022). "Clela Rorex, former Boulder County Clerk who issued first same-sex marriage license in 1975 dies at 78". Boulder Daily Camera. Retrieved June 21, 2022.
  14. ^ "Clela Rorex, who issued 1st same-sex marriage licenses, dies". AP NEWS. June 20, 2022. Retrieved June 21, 2022.