Baffin Island wolf

Baffin Island wolf
Dogs, jackals, wolves, and foxes (Plate IV) C. l. manningi mod.jpg
Illustration based on a description by Edward Alphonso Goldman
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
C. l. manningi
Trinomial name
Canis lupus manningi
Anderson, 1943 (1908)[1]
North American gray wolf subspecies distribution according to Goldman (1944) & MSW3 (2005).png
Historical and present range of grey wolf subspecies in North America

Canis albus manningi

The Baffin Island wolf (Canis lupus manningi), also known as the Baffin Island tundra wolf,[2] is a subspecies of grey wolf which resides exclusively on Baffin Island and several nearby islands.[3] It was not formally recognized as a subspecies until 1943, when it was given its taxonomic classification by Anderson.[4] This wolf is recognized as a subspecies of Canis lupus in the taxonomic authority Mammal Species of the World (2005).[5]



The Baffin Island wolf is described as being light coloured, sometimes white, and unusually small, as compared to other wolf subspecies. It is proposed to be the smallest of all Arctic wolf types. It is currently endangered.[4][6][7][8]


Early records and evidence suggest that the wolves in western Greenland migrated there from Baffin Island and are, thus, descendants of the Baffin Island wolf subspecies.[7]

In 1966, a study was conducted on the Baffin Island wolf, of which a preliminary assessment had been made the year before in 1965 at Wordie Bay, by the University of Toronto. It was helped by students from the university as well.[9]


  1. ^ "Canis lupus manningi Anderson, 1943". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  2. ^ Murray Wrobel (2006). Elsevier's Dictionary of Mammals. Elsevier. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-08-048882-0.
  3. ^ Patrick Hook (1998). Wolves. Random House Value Publishing. ISBN 978-0-517-16082-4.
  4. ^ a b ""Wolf Facts" – Northern Lights Wildlife". Archived from the original on 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  5. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 575–577. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. url=
  6. ^ Peter Steinhart (1996). The Company of Wolves. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-679-74387-3.
  7. ^ a b "Paleoeskimo Dogs of the Eastern Arctic" – Arctic, Vol. 55, No. 1 (March 2002)
  8. ^ Atkins, Phoebe (2015-12-07). "Baffin Island Wolf". Haiku Deck.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Canada. Dept. of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (1967). Annual Report - Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.